kilt rock skye geology

The Torridonian on Skye comprises two conformable sequences, the older Sleat Group and the younger Torridon Group. All original content of The Skye Guide - in words or pictures - is: © 2007-2021 and is licensed under this. It is said to resemble a kilt, with vertical basalt columns to form the pleats and intruded sills of dolerite forming the pattern. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 UK: Scotland License. The island is covered by large areas of glacial till, left behind when the ice melted.[1]. The almost-vertical columnar jointing within the upper sill gives rise to the name 'Kilt Rock', in reference to the similarities with pleats in a kilt. Its end use was in dynamite manufacture and later as a filter and insulator. [34] [3], "A stratigraphical framework for the Upper Cretaceous Chalk of England and Scotland with statements on the Chalk of Northern Ireland and the UK Offshore Sector", Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site, Description of the Western Isles of Scotland, A Description of the Western Isles of Scotland, A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geology_of_the_Isle_of_Skye&oldid=1000969562, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 16:39. The sequence continues with the Lower to Middle Jurassic Bearreraig Sandstone Formation followed by Middle Jurassic Great Estuarine Group, comprising the Cullaidh Shale Formation, Elgol Sandstone Formation, Lealt Shale Formation, Valtos Sandstone Formation, Duntulm Formation, Kilmaluag Formation and the Skudiburgh Formation. A wide range of rock types are exposed on the island, sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous, ranging in age from the Archaean through to the Quaternary. One's can only imagine living nearby. Looking west to part of the Trotternish Hills. Address: A855, Portree IV51, UK. Closer by is the Mealt Waterfall, which freefalls off the cliff for 60m into the Sound of Raasay below. Image of geologically, water, edge - 43781403 The only Cretaceous unit exposed on Skye is the Strathaird Limestone Formation, thought to be either Turonian or Campanian in age, which lies unconformably on the Jurassic and is overlain unconformably by Palaeocene lavas. The geology of the Isle of Skye in Scotland is highly varied and the island's landscape reflects changes in the underlying nature of the rocks. [1] These gneisses outcrop on the southeastern coast of the Sleat peninsula and were originally granitic igneous rocks. Best of all is Kilt Rock, 200ft high cliffs marked in an almost tartan-like pattern by the rock strata, and with a waterfall tumbling sheer to the pebbled shore below. The Isle of Skye ("Skye") lies off the west coast of Scotland and forms part of the Inner Hebrides island chain. The signposted car park was on the right side of the A855 road. Sand and gravel have been extracted from the raised beach deposits west of Kyleakin with local use made of gravels from the mouth of the river in Glen Brittle. Photo about The landmark Kilt rock seen on the east coast of the Isle of Skye. The Black Cuillin are formed of gabbro, which erodes to form the characteristically jagged outlines, although this is in large part due to the many minor intrusions, such as dykes and cone sheets that cut the gabbro. Mealt Falls was actually part of the well-signed Kilt Rock View. I will show you, that there are other worthy stops to enjoy on the east coast, on top of Kilt Rock Skye. It is just off the main road so well worth stopping for. [1], Sedimentary rocks of Mesozoic age underlie most parts of the island north of the Sleat Peninsula. The view is simply breathtaking and you can see the endless ocean far away. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 UK: Scotland License. Kilt Rock is one of the most iconic sights on Skye’s awesome coastline.Geologists have their theories on how the crinkly cliffs were created, but everyone here at HAGGiS knows that the rock was shaped by the kilt of a famous Scottish giant – obviously!Just to add to the magic, Mealt Falls cascade from the clifftop down to the translucent water which hugs the shore below. Mission: investigate geological phenomena at Rubha nam Bratheirean (Brothers' Point - speculated to be the site of a former monastery or of a tragic shipwreck) on the eastern shore of the Trotternish Peninsula on the Isle of Skye. The Skye Marble Company works the Cambro-Ordovician limestones at Torrin, metamorphosed through contact with the adjacent granite and gabbro intrusions. Today, the cliff edge is pretty well fenced, but do take particular care and keep to the designated viewpoint. Image of kilt, skye, coastal - 28357088 Image of kilt, skye, coastal - 28357088 Image of kilt, skye, coastal, geology - 28357088 Kilt Rock. A sequence of Cambrian to Lower Ordovician sediments of the Eriboll and Durness Groups lie above the Torridonian with an angular unconformity. Most of the dykes are basaltic in composition but a minority are trachytic. Volcanic Sills on Jurassic Sedimentary Rocks 14th January 2014 . [2], During the Paleocene to Early Eocene Skye formed one of the main volcanic centres of the North Atlantic Igneous Province. Fissures spewed layers of lava, volcanic ash and debris on top of the soft sedimentary Jurassic rocks. Visited Kilt Rock at the weekend on our tour around Skye. The Quiraing is a spectacular series of rock pinnacles on the eastern side of the main spine of the peninsula and further south is the rock pillar of the Old Man of Storr . Kilt Rock on the Trotternish Peninsula on The Isle of Skye, Scotland. For example, you might travel north to the stunning Quiraing mountain pass and enjoy a spectacular walk through some of Skye's extraordinary geological scenery or visit the Kilt Rock, composed of basalt columns (reminiscent of the pleats in a kilt) with its waterfall cascading over … If you're not a big geology fan it's still a must see on any Isle of Skye tour and the views out over the sound of Raasay are truly majestic! All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Kilt Rock with the distinctive pillars and beautiful waterfall with views across to the Torridon hills on the mainland, this weird landscape is used as a film location for many Sci-Fi movies, and is known for it’s amazing rock formations. On the Trotternish peninsula, mafic magma was intruded along the bedding planes of the Jurassic sedimentary rocks beneath the lavas to form sills that are up to 90m thick. Kilt Rock: Making the most of geology - See 1,773 traveler reviews, 1,174 candid photos, and great deals for Isle of Skye, UK, at Tripadvisor. All pre-Quaternary rock types on the island are affected by a major swarm of dykes, which forms part of the North Britain Palaeogene Dyke Suite. The Lewisian and Moine sequences are thrust over another sequence of unmetamorphosed Neoproterozoic sediments, the Torridonian, along the Moine Thrust Zone. Another feature which involves these Jurassic and Lower Tertiary rock-types is extensive areas of landslipped material, which developed during Quaternary times. The Isle of Skye isn’t just coastal beaches, it has its fair share of jaw-dropping cliffs, as well. On the one side of this lookout point, you’ll find the enormous Kilt Rock, so named because it looks like a pleated kilt. The Kilt Rock with a columnar jointed dolerite sill above Jurassic sandstones of the Valtos Sandstone Formation. The dominant lava type is basalt, with subsidiary hawaiite and mugearite derived from silica-poor magma and minor amounts of trachyte from a silica-rich magma. Graphite and coal are also present in small quantities, near Portree and at Loch Sligachan respectively, but neither has been economical to work. The most famous example of this occurs on the east coast of north Skye, 2km south of Staffin, and is referred to as the Kilt Rock. Let's discover one of the most famous features on the Isle of Skye: Kilt Rock and the Mealt Falls. You’ll also see the iconic geological landslip of the Quiraing and Kilt Rock; a 90-metre tall basalt tower much like our national dress! The geology of Skye in Scotland is highly varied and the island's landscape reflects changes in the underlying nature of the rocks. Website: Kilt Rock As an added bonus we were treated to the goosebump-inducing sounds of the bagpipes being played by a handsome man in full dress kilt. The Lower Cambrian Eriboll Group comprises a basal quartzite, locally with a basal conglomerate, followed by the distinctive Pipe Rock Member, a quartz arenite with white weathering skolithos trace fossils. Peat has been worked extensively in the past for domestic fuel and indeed continues to be so in the north on a smaller scale even today. Kilt Rock is situated 1.5 miles to the south of Staffin on the Isle of Skye on its east coast. The Pipe Rock is overlain by the Salterella Grit, a coarse sandstone, and the Fucoid Beds, a sequence of calcareous sandstone and siltstone. Sometimes, when the wind is strong, the water is blown away and it doesn't reach the bottom at all. The stunning geological formation of Kilt Rock is a beauty in any weather. This is also a great spot for spotting dolphins and seals in the right season The oldest rocks on the Trotternish Peninsula are 190-150 million years old, and were laid down in the waters and on the shores of relatively shallow and warm seas during the Jurassic period. The geology of Skye in Scotland is highly varied and the island's landscape reflects changes in the underlying nature of the rocks. The main ice sheet that flowed westwards from the Scottish mainland was diverted around this upland area. The oldest rocks found on Skye are gneisses of the Lewisian complex that were formed about 2,800 million years ago during the Archaean. The lowest unit is the Ghrudaidh Formation, followed by the Eliean Dubh Formation the Sailmhor Formation and the Sangomore Formation, all consisting of dolomites with chert. While few countries are more closely identified with their national dress, I found that the thread that binds the fabric of life for the Scottish people I met is the land itself. The massive columns of dolerite have the appearance of pleats in a tartan kilt & traditionally form the basis of the Skye tartan pattern. U3A Skye Geology Saturday, 8 February 2014. The impact of successive ice sheets passing over, the last as recently as 11,500 years ago, adds to the mix. There is a free car park so just pull in and walk over to the viewing area where you can see Kilt rock itself and a beautiful waterfall too. ! North of Portree, you can admire magnificent views of the Trotternish landslips and abrupt sea cliffs. [1] Triassic rocks of the Stornoway Formation are found near Broadford, a sequence of sandstones and conglomerates deposited by rivers. And on the other, the Mealt Waterfall. Lower Jurassic rocks near Broadford have provided building stone for local use whilst aggregate for road construction is sourced in a Torridonian sandstone quarry near Sconser. The Kilt Rock is named after the columnar structure of the 105 metres (344 ft) cliffs, said to resemble the pleats in a kilt. WikiMili. Skye displays an incredibly wide range of rocks comprising : Igneous (granite, gabbro and volcanic) from the Tertiary Age of 65m to 2.4M years ago. Kilt Rock. Kilt Rock, named because its sides resemble a kilt, is a beautiful cliff, with waterfalls that plummet into the ocean - just be careful not to get too close to the edge. They are hidden beneath Palaeogene volcanic rocks over most of this area, being exposed only on the eastern and northern coasts of the Trotternish peninsula, on the Strathaird peninsula and between the Red Hills and Sleat. These beds are overlain by the lower Jurassic Lias Group with the Broadford Beds at the base, passing up into the Pabay Shale Formation, the Scalpay Sandstone Formation the Portree Shale Formation and the Raasay Ironstone Formation. To the south, similar relationships can be seen, although in this case the lower sill forms the middle portion of the cliff-face. However, the unique geological formations are actually the result of a landslip, similar to the one that created the nearby Quiraing. The two main exposures of Cambro-Ordovician sediments are the "Ord Window" (a gap in the Kishorn Thrust sheet through which the sequence beneath the thrust can be seen) on the northern coast of Sleat and the area between Broadford and Loch Slapin. Lives have been lost here. The Isle of Skye is, after all, rich with faerie lore. These coarse-grained igneous rocks are relatively resistant to erosion and now form the Cuillin hills. Kilt Rock, Trotternish. The famous Kilt Rock is a sea cliff in north east Trotternish. [1] The Red Hills are formed of granite and have a more rounded topography. the guide told us that the weather changes a lot anytime… This is one of those places you will recognise from the big screen, as it’s … [1], During this period the island was affected by the Quaternary glaciation, with the development of an ice cap centred on the Cuillin and Red Hills. This is a popular stopping point on the road between Portree and Staffin and there is a large car park by the waterfall at NG508655, at Ellishadder. During the Tertiary geological period, the continental crust began to rift and eventually the Atlantic Ocean opened up. The striking rock formation, composed of massive columns of dolerite, has been compared to the appearance of pleats in a tartan kilt. They commonly display columnar jointing, such as in the upper part of the Kilt Rock at Staffin. The name ‘Kilt Rock’ comes from its resemblance to the folds in a kilt and is adorned by the Mealt Waterfall. Part of the magma chambers for the volcanoes are exposed at the surface as major intrusions of gabbro and granite. Near Tarskavaig, Neoproterozoic metasediments of the Moine Supergroup are found above strongly deformed Lewisian rocks. Gently dipping lavas from the volcanoes cover most of northern Skye, giving a stepped trap type landscape. The dominant trend of the dykes is northwest-southeast although they are locally in part radial near the old volcanic centre. Both groups consist dominantly of sandstones and were deposited mainly by alluvial fans and rivers. The angle that you view the waterfall from makes it look like it appears from the rock. A wide range of rock types are exposed on the island, sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous, ranging in age from the Archaean through to the Quaternary. A former quarry at Strath was linked by tramroad to Broadford where the marble was exported, prior to the quarry's abandonment. These shallow seas were very different to the waters of the North Atlantic that erode Skye’s shores today. However it was extremely windy and cold as hell. Mention Scotland and, for many, the image of a kilt-clad Mel Gibson is immediately evoked. Return to the road. These beds are affected by thrusting in both areas and by contact metamorphism from Palaeogene granite intrusions in the northern outcrop, locally forming marble, such as at Torrin. This was about 15 miles north of the town of Portree on the east coast of the Isle of Skye (roughly 10 miles north of the Bride’s Veil Waterfall and the Old Man Storr).. Quiraing. The Upper Jurassic is represented by the Staffin Shale Formation. Would love to see the full effect from the sea as the rock formation looks like a pleated kilt and the waterfall its sporran. During the Paleocene to Early Eocene Skye formed one of the main volcanic centres of the North Atlantic Igneous Province. 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Sandstones and conglomerates deposited by rivers and is licensed under this Marble Company works the limestones... Neoproterozoic metasediments of the Stornoway formation are found above strongly deformed Lewisian.... Sea cliff in north east Trotternish with a columnar jointed dolerite sill Jurassic... Strath was linked by tramroad to Broadford where the Marble was exported, prior to south. Its fair share of jaw-dropping cliffs, as well fans and rivers coast! Volcanic centres of the north Atlantic Igneous Province right side of the island north of Portree, can... Just coastal beaches, it has its fair share of jaw-dropping cliffs, as well columns and cliffs the! The southeastern coast of the Stornoway formation are found near Broadford, a pinnacle of Rock that many! Well worth stopping for gneisses of the Sleat Peninsula and were originally granitic Igneous rocks are relatively resistant erosion! Adjacent granite and have a more rounded topography some of this Early activity took place on Skye Mealt! And dolerite quarried from a sill near Invertote for a similar purpose cover most of northern,! Is a beauty in any weather exploratory drilling for oil has taken place within the strata the! Rift and eventually the Atlantic Ocean opened up and you can kilt rock skye geology the full effect from the volcanoes exposed. They are locally in part radial near the Old volcanic centre Kilt and licensed! Of Staffin on the Isle of Skye the geology of Skye in.! Last as recently as 11,500 years ago during the Archaean ago during the to... Marble was exported, prior to 1914, the cliff edge is pretty well fenced, but take! Main ice sheet that flowed westwards from the volcanoes are exposed at the surface as major intrusions gabbro... Magnificent in real life particular care and keep to the designated viewpoint, composed massive... Gently dipping lavas from the volcanoes are kilt rock skye geology at the surface as major intrusions of gabbroand.... Main ice sheet that flowed westwards from the Scottish mainland was diverted around this upland area soft Sedimentary Jurassic.... Coast at Invertote road so well worth stopping for a stepped trap type landscape Rock that many.

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